Monday, March 25, 2019
The Cold War :: American History, Soviet Union, War
In the immediate aftermath of WWII, the world was cling into two opposing camps that, though they did not fight directly, were actively booked in the Cold contend. This war did not end until the USSR broke away in 1991. The Cold warfare was both created and prolonged by the merged economic and ideologic tensions of the East and West Blocs. The ideological systems of the two powers were viewed as being complete opposites in their goals and experienced increasing animosity toward apiece other. This in turn influenced the economic policies that drove the main powers of the Cold War even further apart. By far, the biggest contributor to the formation of the Cold War was the fact that both sides believed the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist westmost ideologies were incompatible with each other. The essence of the Cold War was seen as the antonym of communism and capitalism (Kishlansky, Geary, and OBrien 874). This smell was present as concisely as 1946, when Wins ton Churchill gave a speech characterizing the Soviet Union as a government that was capable of trying to enforce totalitarian systems upon the free democratic world (Churchill 303). He also contrasted the Soviet Union as a state where control was en squeeze upon the common people by constabulary governments, while the U.S. and Great Britain embodied the great principles of freedom and the rights of man (Churchill 303). This belief did not abate as the Cold War dragged on, and caused even to a greater extent animosity between the two blocs. Even as late as 1961, Khrushchevs address to the Communist Party Congress whitewash entitle the main driving force of the Soviet Union to be the contest of the two world social systems, the socialist and the capitalist (Khrushchev 307). This perceived ideological incompatibility also contributed to the formation of alliances in the East and West blocs. These alliances in turn prolonged the Cold War. The North Atlantic Treaty shapin g was first formed in 1949 as protection of capitalist countries from the USSR, and it was still bringing countries into its membership all the way up untill Spains entrance in 1982. The Soviets responded to this with yet another alliance group in Eastern Europe, the Warsaw Pact (Kishlansky, Geary, and OBrien 876). Former colonies were also forced to choose an allegiance with either the capitalist or communist camps (Kishlansky, Geary, and OBrien 877).