Sunday, March 10, 2019
Critical thinking process Essay
hypercritical idea often involves the humankind of alternative plans, solutions, approaches, etc. , then comparing passkey with the alternatives. Creative view requires some critical evaluation during and after the fictive phase. Critical thinking depends upon that little crawl inn and seldom discussed characteristic of the forgiving nervous governanceself-reflexiveness. Usually it also depends upon that remarkable human creation and toolself reflexive row. Humans not only know round their environment, they know that they know they tush think about how they think, adjudicate their evaluations.Languages, too, have this self-reflexive characteristic. They enable us to talk about talk, to yield statements about statements, to write books about writing books. The self-reflexiveness of dustup and the human nervous system provide us with an light minded system we washbasin make statements about statements, indefinitely we can buoy react to our reactions to our reactions i ndefinitely. At no window pane can we say, Thats the last word on the subject or, No further reaction is possible (since, in doing so, we have said more, reacted further).However, believe that we have said the last word may cut of the self-reflexive process. This open ended, self reflexive system makes it possible for us to conduct scientific research, write poetry, plan enterprises, spin out complex tales of fictionor spread rumours, spin webs of delusion and talk ourselves into insanity or war. Which we pull up stakes do depends in part upon our motivation, but also upon our understanding of the thinking process and some aspects of the working of the nervous system. General semantics provides a meta-linguistic or second order approach to critical thinking.It enables us to use self-reflexiveness systematically to monitor on-going evaluations. The principles and devices it provides call attention to either-or and allness statements, to inferences treated as facts, to overgenerali zations, to statements unrestricted in time, to overly-simple statements of causality, etc. The tools work, whatever the order of abstraction, whatever the source of the statement (Johnson, 1991).How language empowers or limits the air of our thoughts. Along with most of his contemporaries, Blair defines language in monetary value of a relationship between signs and thoughts Language signifies the expression of our ideas by veritable articulate sounds, which are used as the signs of those ideas (cited 198). Elaborating on this interdependence, he asserts that when we are employed in the field of view of composition, we are cultivating reason itself. trustworthy rhetoric and sound logic are very nearly allied. The study of arranging and expressing our thoughts with propriety, teaches to think, as well as to speak, accurately so reason is the connection between thought and the lecture in which they are apparel (Ulman, 1994). Language can empowers and limit the expression of o ur thoughts.Talking about something that reinforces it, whence say what you want to be true. Language has power, and by knowing this, you can select words that allow others to hear and understand you. Certain words provide a way of maintaining the focus of what you want. They can assist you to be in the state of mind that you desire. Looking for positive language patterns, gives your pass the opportunity to find alternative ways expressing your bring forths to yourself and others. These tools welcome you off instinctive pilot and in control. Having choice means you can regulate how an experience will affect you.You can choose to use your old patterns of expression which produces certain results, or use empowering language to give you different results. straight it can be you who decides. Labels limit is another concept that were dealing with here. When we label something or someone, we put a meaning on it that can limit our awareness, experience, and understanding. Labels are a form of beliefs, and like all beliefs, they strain our perceptions. Our beliefs only allow us to be conscious of things that are in agreement with them, and we unconsciously filter everything else.It can be tremendous try of the opposite to penetrate the belief filters. But with negative labels, the effects can be very destructive (Kaufman, 1998). The role of critical thinking in persuasion. What is the value of critical thinking? When someone else writes or speaks a quiet of reasoning, they are trying to persuade us of something. Persuasion is an attempt to get us to believe something. People want us to believe things so that we will act in certain ways. Action requires some effort. at that place are choices involved. We could be doing something else.Because of this, it is very useful to be able to estimate reasoning, for some pieces of reasoning should be accepted while others should not be accepted. If persuasion occurs in advertising, we could be doing many other things with our money. Take acquire a car, for example. A lot of money can be involved, so what kind of car to buy can be a fair big decision. Whether to marry a certain person or which of a couple of job offers to take are still bigger decisions. virtually every reader will eventually get some somber illness. There may be several different treatments available.Ones comfort, health, even ones life may depend on the decision as to which treatment to undertake. To make these decisions well, we will need to gather our own reasons to brave out various alternative conclusions. At that time, we could make an irrational decision, or a sheep like decision to follow some other persons advice.The values of critical thinking, specifically how to recognize and evaluate reasoning, are the quest It befriend us arrive at true conclusions and therefore it increases our knowledge. It should help us make better decisions. It should help us persuade others and rationalise truth to them. Contrib ute to a happier life (Cogan, 1998). References Johnson, K. G. (1991). Thinking creatically a systematic, interdisciplinary approach to creative-critical thinking. Englewood Institute of General Semantics. Kaufman, R. A. (1998). Anatomy of Success. New York Ronald A Kaufman. Robert Cogan. (1998). Critical thinking step by step. Boston University Press of America. Ulman, H. L. (1994). Things, thoughts, words, and actions the problem of language in late eighteenth-century British rhetorical theory. New York SIU Press.