Wednesday, March 6, 2019
Ozone Depletion Essay
The Ozone work is located in the Earths upper atmosphere. It acts as a barrier and absorbs majority of UV ray before it tote ups Earths cake. Ozone is made up of three type O parts that are natur all(prenominal)y occurring molecules. The depletion of the ozone has become a worldwide issue and is caused by the release of CFCs into the atmosphere. CFCs release centilitre atoms which break down ozone molecules. The depletion of the ozone layer threatens to afford de sousedor on Earth unprotected from UV shaft of light. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) contain chlorine, fluorine and carbon atoms.CFCs can be found in spray cans, in the plastics industry and in refrigerants. When UV rays in the upper atmosphere hit CFC molecules, a carbon-chlorine bond breaks leaving a single chlorine atom. This chlorine atom reacts with the ozone molecule causing it to breakdown. The breakdown of ozone leaves an ordinary atomic number 8 molecule (O2) as well as a chlorine monoxide molecule. Because UV radiation breaks oxygen molecules into single oxygen atoms, the single oxygen atom then breaks up the chlorine monoxide.With the chlorine atom left by itself, it is then able to repeat the process of breaking down more(prenominal) ozone molecules. However, the depletion of the ozone is not only caused by CFCs. Halons, CH3CCI, CCI4, HCFCs, hydrobromofluorocarbons and methyl bromid(prenominal)e are all linked with ozone depletion leaving life on earth vulnerable to the effects from exposure to UV radiation. With the depletion of the ozone, UV radiation becomes more accessible to life on Earth and effects from this radiation follow.Since ozone filters UV radiation, with ozone depletion comes high levels of UV radiation hitting the surface of the Earth. The increase in ultra-violet rays consequently mean higher risk of skin cancers and cataracts in humans and animals. Higher levels of this radiation to a fault damages materials such as plastics, harm certain crops as well as marine animals. Extra UV radiation deters the pictorial procreative cycle of phytoplankton (a single celled organism at the bottom of the diet chain) Scientists fear that the population of other species will decrease with the loss of phytoplankton.Since the depletion of the ozone layer, researchers open recognised obvious deviations in the reproductive rates of fish, shrimp and guide as well as frogs and salamanders. These changes in organisms reproductive rates and higher risks of skin cancer and cataracts can all be linked to the depletion of the ozone layer. Since CFCs have been released into the atmosphere, Earths naturally occurring ozone layer has been depleting. The ozone layer above the Antarctic has been majorly affected by CFC pollution since the mid 1980s.However, CFCs were banned in 1987 to prevent further damage to the ozone layer. Results of ozone depletion can be dramatically seen throughout the southern spring and summer when the sun shines for hourlong periods at a ti me. Due to chlorine reacting with the Ultra-violet rays, ozone is destroyed on a scale of up to 65% during these months. Even though CFCs were banned in the 1980s scientists estimate it will take another 50 long time for chlorine levels to return to their natural levels.With CFCs being emitted into the atmosphere, the breakdown of ozone has resulted. Without the ozone filtering UV rays, higher levels of radiation are able to hit the Earths surface leading to higher rates in skin cancer and cataracts. Ozone depletion has also been linked with the obstruction of organisms natural reproductive cycles. Although they were banned in the former(a) 1980s, CFCs will continue to be present in the atmosphere for many another(prenominal) more years causing ozone depletion to remain a worldwide issue.