Wednesday, March 13, 2019
Racial profiling Essay
There ar some(prenominal) contr everywheresial issues surrounding racial compose and the various problems that be encountered as a result of it. integrity issue is whether or not racial pen exists. Most impartiality enforcement departments refuse to undergo a study and they deny that racial compose exists. These problems, coupled with the status of literature regarding this topic at this point, are oftentimes unreliable than scientific. In addition, the topic is controversial because the United States believes that it has rid itself of impairment and racism, and to open the topic of racial profile by natural law enforcement force out is admitting that its possible the nation is backsliding. As a result, the events of September 11th stepped up the pace of racial indite by law enforcement and grew to include recent groups of people.racial profiling is a topic that is seen across the nation in the media. Racial profiling has often been referred to as the apparition occurr ence because so far departments across the nation clearly deny its existence. The topic is a growing one and only(a) in light of the September 11, 2001 attacks on America. Racial profiling has been a top news story since that attack that it was an issue for many years before that.The rival protection clause can be found in the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. It simply supposes that, No state sh all told gain ground or enforce any law which shall turn out the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United Statesnor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. In new(prenominal) words, this meant that the Constitution would become nonracist. State laws would no longer be allowed to treat whites and blacks differently. The dictatorial mash relied heavily upon the separate but equal doctrine to determine when a state law violated the equal protection clause.This is also how the independent Court would determine what is considered to be discrimination. In order to prove that a state is guilty of discrimination there must be an provoke amount of evidence supporting the claim. This was evident in the case of majuscule vs. Davis, where the Court ruled against two blacks who claimed that the hiring practices of the D.C. Police division were anti-Semite(prenominal) towards racial minorities. The Supreme Court said that the hiring practices did not violate the Equal egis Clause of the 14th Amendment.Equal Protection is described as the skilful of all persons to confound the same access to the law and courts and to be hardened equally by the law and courts, both in procedures and in the kernel of the law. It is similar to the right to due process of law, but in particular applies to equal treatment as an aspect of fundamental fairness. The nigh famous case on this subject is Brown v. Board of grooming of Topeka (1954) in which Chief Justice Earl Warren, for a undivided Supreme Court, ruled that separate b ut equal educational facilities for blacks were essentially unbalanced and unconstitutional since the segregated school system did not give all students equal rights under the law. It will also apply to other inequalities such as oddment in pay for the same work or unequal taxation. The principle is stated in the 14th Amendment to the Constitution No State shalldeny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.One of the hardest things to argue in this intense topic is whether or not it exists. There is not a law enforcement agency in the nation that has stepped up to the plate and acknowledged that it does indeed profile use racial criteria. It is something that New York Citys Law Enforcement Department has been criminate of over and over again, while the chiefs and whitethornors unwaveringly deny the rumors. It is something that the media use wide-cut segments trying to prove with the cases that are claimed to amaze happened because of it (Colb, 20 00). Numerous studies over the old few years have proven what many have cognise for decades law enforcement agents at all levels consistently use race, ethnicity, national origin, and religion when choosing which individuals should be stopped and searched. Discriminatory racial profiling is a wide fill outd problem in communities across the country.States are beginning to recognize the need to address this discriminatory practice. The practice of racial profiling occurs when law enforcement officers target suspects on the basis of race, national origin, ethnicity, or religion. Racial profiling is not just an issue of who gets stopped, butwhy they are stopped, and how they are treated. In 1999, the federal government and New Jersey came to an exceptional musical arrangement that state troopers would no longer use race as a factor in highway traffic stops. This agreement came about afterward an investigation of law records revealed that African Americans and Latinos drove three -fourths of the cars searched on state highways.One might wonder how police balance their enforcement knowledge against the strength for discrimination ground on stereotyping, or whats commonly called racial profiling? Its a complex, provoking issue, but by starting signal to look at police cultivation may help to go for out the source. For law-enforcement personnel, training and experience are critical. Training comes from many sources. It begins with the initial training academy, and continues with ongoing updates known as in-service training.Additional formal training happens when a field-training officer (a police officers first highway partner) assists with law enforcements version of on-the- melody training. Somewhere along the progression, loose training begins. It takes place anywhere and everywhere, and continues throughout a career. And just ilk in any job, officers learn to cut corners, streamline processes and get the job done. The end result can be a more in ef fect(p) employee or one who omits necessary steps in the processes.On one front, police brutality occurs when an officer has difficulty judging the need to enforce force. An officers career depends on police-survival skills that can make the difference for continued existence. Knowing when to go for your gun or when to issue a verbal command is a wise(p) skill. It requires good training, time on the job, and repeated exposure to incidents. Equally, a crucial part of this is the guidance and square off of senior officers, not to mention the officers own motivations of fear, corporeal abilities and the like.There are many factors that influence an officers decisions when it comes to discriminatory issues and law enforcement. The manor, in which an officer is socially experienced, in both maestro and personal settings, plays a major role. Bringing about the stereotype of junior African-American men ascriminals can come from both of these tracts. exchangeable everyone else, polic e must unlearn this bias and judge people based on their actions alone. The big difference is that police, at times, have power over our freedom. Racial profiling of African-Americans and Latinos is rampant at all levels of law enforcement today. For example, close to 72 percent of all routine traffic stops on an interstate in the Northeast were of African-American drivers, despite the fact that African-Americans make up only about 17 percent of the driving population, concord to a study by the American Civil Liberties Union.In the viewing of September 11, racial profiling of Arabs and South Asians has increased very much so. Since the terrorist attacks, individuals who appear to be of Arab or South Asian descent have been targeted for special inquiry. For example, many have been asked to leave airplanes for no reason other than their appearance. In the case of Arab look a likes on airplanes, many have been asked to remove their turbans, a violation of their religious practices.F ew state or federal agencies collect entropy on the incidence of racial profiling. The U.S. Department of Justice only recently issued voluntary guidelines that states should follow, producing in 2000, A resource Guide on Racial Profiling Data Collection Systems.This inscription provides an overview of the nature of racial profiling, a description of data assembly and its purpose, topical activities in California, New Jersey, and North Carolina, and policy recommendations. Collecting accurate data is a critical first step toward eliminating the practice of racial profiling and bridging the lack of trust between law enforcement agencies and communities of color.Developing and implementing data collection systems will help to eliminate intentional and unintentional profiling and reconstruct trust in law enforcement agencies. States that require law enforcement officials to collect information regarding the race, ethnicity, gender and age of each driver stopped by police will al so help. The reporting requirements also include noting what actions (citation, warnings, tickets) were taken, and, if a vehicle search was conducted,whether it was based upon consent, probable cause, or reasonable suspicion of a crime.The potential for abuse of power in most law enforcement departments exists for several reasons. Incorporated with the lack of literature regarding the topic at this point, most law enforcement departs refuse to undergo a study and they deny that racial profiling exists, the controversial issues in regards to prejudice and racism, and the added events of September 11th racial profiling by law enforcement grew to include new groups of people. However, many police departments are aggressively addressing these issues with added training and stiffer sanctions for violating a citizens civil rights. Through the years, the learned patterns of criminality, real or perceived, have given us the institution of profiling. The unlearning of these patterns may tak e just as long.